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古代遼寧



前言

Foreword


       天遼地寧,地處中國東北的遼寧是一片寫滿傳奇的土地。這里既是中華文明的發祥地之一,也是多民族文化的交匯地帶,歷史悠久,內涵豐富,在中華統一多民族國家的形成和發展中有著獨特的地位和作用。距今28萬年前,人類開始在遼寧大地繁衍生息,逐漸從蒙昧邁入文明。距今五千年前,紅山先民創造的文化預示著遼河流域文明的曙光,青銅時代的方國文明,奠定了華夏民族統一的基礎。秦漢以來,匈奴、鮮卑、高句麗、契丹、女真等族此消彼長,先后建國,在與漢文化的碰撞交匯中走向融合,創造出豐富的歷史與多彩的文化。本展覽旨在以豐富的文物資料,為廣大觀眾展示古代遼寧源遠流長的歷史與博大精深的地域文化。


Liaoning,situated in northeastern China, enjoys a superb location, abundant material wealth, a long history and a splendid culture. This area is rich in history, myth and legend, and is considered one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. Many different peoples have mixed and mingled here, so it has also played an important role in the formation and development of China as a nation that unites different ethnic groups. 280,000 years ago, our ancestors began to flourish in Liaoning then gradually emerged from obscurity into civilization. 5,000 years ago, the early culture of the Hongshan people ushered in the brilliance of the Liao River valley civilization. The frequent migration of various regional states and civilizations during Bronze Age laid the groundwork for a unified, multi-ethnic nation. A variety of ethnic groups have successively flourished here since the Qin and Han periods, including the Huns, the Xianbei, the Koguryo, the Khitan, the Jurchen, the Mongols and the Manchu. Their encounters and exchanges with Han culture achieved an ethnic blending that created a rich history and brilliant culture. This exhibit aims to showcase Liaoning’s deep-rooted history and cultural greatness, as well as the fortitude and perseverance of its people.

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